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What are the effects of marijuana edibles?

Edibles are food products that contain marijuana. The many forms of edibles include baked goods, candies, chocolates, and beverages. People can purchase ready made edibles, or make their own, such as oils, butters, brownies, and ice creams.

Edibles are a popular method of delivery for both medicinal and recreational cannabis.

Many people consider edibles to be a safe and discreet way to take marijuana. However, there are also risks that people should know.

Find out with this article about the effects and side effects of cannabis edibles, including how these differ from smoking marijuana.

Share on Pinterest People need to know the possible risks before consuming marijuana edibles.

Edible marijuana products typically provide the same benefits as other forms of marijuana. People ingest them to achieve certain effects, such as relaxation, or to treat medical conditions, such as chronic pain.

The effects of edibles depend on the dose a person takes. Typically, the effects increase as the dose increases. However, consuming too much marijuana through edibles is easy to do, and it can cause adverse effects, such as nausea and vomiting.

Some of the beneficial effects of marijuana edibles include:

Relaxation and anxiety relief

Marijuana contains a compound called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

THC is the chemical responsible for the psychoactive effects of edibles and other forms of cannabis. An older study suggests that THC can cause feelings of relaxation and euphoria.

Marijuana also contains the compound cannabidiol (CBD). CBD has anti-anxiety effects.

A 2019 study reports that more than 79% of people with anxiety or sleep problems who took CBD experienced a decrease in anxiety over the course of the study. Scientists need more studies, but this shows significant hope.

A further study on teenagers with social anxiety supports the findings of CBD significantly decreasing anxiety levels.

Pain management

CBD may also work as a pain reliever, as well as having anti-inflammatory properties. This makes it a popular treatment among those who experience chronic pain.

Research suggests that medical cannabis patients with chronic pain report improved pain management when they consume marijuana products.

Conditions that people treat with edibles and other forms of medicinal marijuana include:

  • arthritis
  • cancer pain
  • fibromyalgia
  • neuropathic pain

Muscle spasm control

Doctors may also recommend medicinal cannabis for muscle spasm treatment.

Research from 2013 indicates that people experience significant improvement in muscle spasticity and other types of pain when they take marijuana.

An oral preparation derived from marijuana is available to treat muscle spasticity and pain. Other forms of edibles may have similar effects, although research in this area is lacking.

Antiseizure effects

CBD has also demonstrated antiseizure effects, which suggests it could be a potential treatment for epilepsy.

A 2017 study cites evidence for the use of CBD to improve seizure control in those with specific epilepsy syndromes.

Edibles may be one way to ingest marijuana to reduce seizures. However, more research is necessary before people with epilepsy consider treating the condition with cannabis.

Other effects

Edible marijuana products may also treat other health issues, such as appetite loss and weight loss, for those who have cancer.

Edibles are food products that contain marijuana extract. They are a popular method of delivery for both medicinal and recreational cannabis use. Find out more.