7 Weird Side Effects Of Getting High, Explained
If you’ve ever consumed cannabis, then you probably don’t need me to tell you there are some wonderful and weird side effects of getting high. After just a few puffs, bites, or drops of your favorite flower, edible, or tincture, sweet Mary Jane starts working her magic; and you’ll just have to decide for yourself if the potential for weird side effects is worth the potential for wonderful ones.
First things first: to understand how cannabis affects us, it’s important to know that humans are born with cannabinoid receptors. These live on the surfaces of cells and are responsible for communicating changing conditions outside of the cell to the inner cell, thus instigating cellular responses. As the cannabis culture site Leafly explained, the main cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 are responsible for the high you get from THC, and both receptors exist in various parts of your body. But the effect isn’t necessarily identical for every single person вЂ” in other words, people can experience different side effects or varying degrees of benefits.
To help explain the impacts weed can have on your body, Bustle spoke with Dr. Jordan Tishler, MD, an expert on cannabis therapeutics and holistic care. Here are seven side effects of getting high, explained:
1. Cotton Mouth
As an article from TruthOnPot explains, “cotton mouth” happens when a cannabinoid like THC binds itself to the receptor of our submandibular glands, (a pair of glands located on the floor of our mouths which produce about 70 percent of our saliva). Then, it causes them to stop receiving the messages from our parasympathetic nervous system which would normally tell them to make more saliva.
Dr. Tishler notes that even though you might feel thirsty after consuming cannabis, that doesn’t necessarily mean you’re dehydrated. “For those who have heart or kidney disease, overdoing water intake can be dangerous, so they should be warned to take sips, not large drinks,” he says.
2. Increased Heart Rate
Now, when it comes to cannabis and heart rate, Dr. Tishler says there are two important factors at work here. “First cannabis via the CB1 receptor has a direct stimulatory effect on heart rate,” Dr. Tishler explains. “Also, it causes decreased vascular resistance which leads to lower blood pressure. When blood pressure drops, it calls for increased heart rate to compensate.” He says for most people the increase in heart rate is mild and not particularly noticeable. But if you can feel your heart rate quickening, he suggests dialing the dose back. As WebMd noted in a recently updated article, your heart usually beats between 50 and 70 times per minute. However, that can increase to 70 to 120 beats per minutes after smoking weed.
If you’re dealing with established cardiovascular issues, however, you should take this side effect more seriously. “In patients with either coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure, the increased rate can be dangerous,” Dr. Tishler says. ” . This can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, and in worst case, a heart attack.” He makes it clear that this is rare, but serious.
3. Possible Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction may not directly affect you if you don’t have a penis вЂ” and having a penis shouldn’t keep you from safely and legally consuming cannabis if you want to вЂ” but you should know that it might be a possibility. “Men, more than women, are very dose dependent when it comes to the effects of cannabis on sexuality,” Dr. Tishler says. Still, some of the existing studies on erectile dysfunction and marijuana use are contradictory and require further research.
4. Potentially Increased Tolerance
According to a 2014 study performed by Washington State University Psychologist Rebecca Craft and published in the journal, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, female rats are more likely to develop a tolerance to cannabis than males. The female rats in Craft’s study were also more sensitive to the painkilling qualities of cannabis than the males, and were the most sensitive around ovulation. That said, Dr. Tishler remains unconvinced by the available data on weed’s painkilling effects for men vs. women. “There is some evidence that women may need a higher dose than men for pain control, but I have not seen this in practice, nor was I convinced that the studies were accurate,” he says.
5. Increased Appetite
Even weed virgins have probably heard that getting stoned will make you super hungry, but what’s weird about this side effect is why cannabis consumption sometimes makes us feel like single-handedly eating whole pizzas and mountains of mac and cheese.
In a recent study conducted by experts at Washington State University, it was found that dosing rats with cannabis stimulates a surge of ghrelin вЂ” a hormone the stomach releases when it’s empty which tells the brain it’s time to look for food. Additionally, as a 2015 study published in the journal Nature found, our cannabinoid receptors have a relationship with the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons that live in the hypothalamus, and these neurons control appetite stimulation. So when people consume cannabis, those neurons are activated and it causes you to become hungry.
That said, Dr. Tishler tells Bustle he doesn’t think we have a good answer yet regarding exactly why the munchies happen post-dose. “ItвЂ™s clear that cannabis interacts with receptors in the hypothalamus, which is the area that controls satiety,” Dr. Tishler says. “Beyond that, we just donвЂ™t know.”
Laughing is not only super fun, it’s literally good for you. And one of the most pleasurable (and weird) side effects of getting stoned is how much it might make you laugh вЂ” but while I can say with absolute certainty that cannabis has always stimulated my giggle box, Dr. Tishler points out the side effect isn’t necessarily universal. “It may accentuate peopleвЂ™s innate giggliness or their baseline mood, but uncontrolled laughter is not a universal phenomenon,” he says.
Unfortunately most of the studies on cannabis and laughter are over a decade old, but research on the topic does exist. One such study, for example, found that cannabis activates blood flow to the right frontal and left temporal lobes of the brain, both of which are associated with laughter. Plus, laughter is contagious, so if you’re smoking with friends and they start giggling, it makes sense that you’ll probably start giggling as well.
7. Slower Perception Of Time
Like every single stoned scene from any movie or TV show will tell you, getting high tends to slow things down вЂ” and it can actually be quite relaxing, because it forces us to slow down, too. Dr. Tishler tells Bustle we’re still learning about why this happens, but it likely has something to do with the hypothalamus. “The hypothalamus is again involved in some of our time-keeping apparatus, so the interaction is likely there, but why and how are still unexplored,” Dr. Tishler says.
According to a 1998 study, marijuana alters blood flow to our cerebellum (the part of the brain that regulates muscle activity), and the cerebellum is linked to our body’s timing system. More recently, a study published in Psychopharmacology found that вЂ” when compared with sober participants вЂ” participants who consumed cannabis overestimated time by as much as 25%.
Koch, M., Varela, L., Kim, J. G., Kim, J. D., HernГЎndez-NuГ±o, F., Simonds, S. E., вЂ¦ Horvath, T. L. (2015). Hypothalamic POMC neurons promote cannabinoid-induced feeding. Nature. https://www.nature.com/articles/nature14260
Mathew, R. J., Wilson, W. H., Turkington, T. G., & Coleman, R. E. (1998). Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after THC. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9666122
Sewell, R. A., Schnakenberg, A., Elander, J., Radhakrishnan, R., Williams, A., Skosnik, P. D., вЂ¦ D’Souza, D. C. (2013). Acute effects of THC on time perception in frequent and infrequent cannabis users. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3581701/
Sneider, J. T., Pope, H. G., Silveri, M. M., Simpson, N. S., Gruber, S. A., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. A. (2006). Altered regional blood volume in chronic cannabis smokers. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17115869
Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior. (2018). How cannabis affects appetite: Brain changes. ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180717094747.htm
Wakley, A. A., Wiley, J. L., & Craft, R. M. (2014). Sex differences in antinociceptive tolerance to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the rat. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4161674/
Jordan Tishler MD; President, CMO inhaleMD; President, Association of Cannabis Specialists. https://inhalemd.com/about-us/
This article was originally published on Oct. 14, 2015
If you’ve ever consumed cannabis, then you probably don’t need me to tell you there are some wonderful and weird side effects of getting high. After just a few puffs, bites, or drops of your favorite flower, edible, or tincture, sweet Mary JaneвЂ¦
Can you get a weed ‘hangover?’
The legalization of weed in multiple states is prompting more and more people to become interested in its after effects, including whether or not it can lead to a “hangover.”
Researchers have studied the health effects of marijuana, but they currently know very little about “weed hangovers.”
In this article, learn more about potential weed hangovers, including some symptoms and possible cures.
Share on Pinterest After smoking weed, a person may experience dizziness, nausea, and a dry mouth.
Medical professionals do not yet know if weed causes a hangover, and only a few studies describe weed hangovers. Some suggest that using weed can lead to hangover effects, while others indicate the opposite.
The reported effects of weed use vary widely between studies, and researchers do not know if the participants in these studies used other substances alongside weed. It is also unclear whether or not age or sex can influence the “hangover” effects of using marijuana.
Studies that say it can
In 1985, researchers conducted a study examining the after effects of smoking marijuana. The study only included 13 males, but it showed that a hangover effect from using weed might exist.
Other research teams continued to study whether or not weed hangovers might exist, as well as what people can expect the morning after using the drug.
One study showed that smoking weed can lead to daytime fatigue the following day. Another study suggested that smoking weed can have significant after effects, such as irritability and feeling miserable.
More recent research analyzed the results of 19 different studies into marijuana use and its negative effects. The researchers found that marijuana had a “medium sized association” with certain negative effects.
Studies that say it cannot
One study showed that participants who smoked marijuana in a controlled setting experienced effects for a few hours, with levels falling after 3.5 hours. The investigators did not notice any effects of marijuana the day after the person used it.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse explain that the noticeable effects of smoking marijuana last around 1–3 hours. These effects may last longer if the person ingests marijuana in the form of edibles.
It is unclear whether or not frequent users have a different experience than infrequent users.
Each of these studies had a different design and used different amounts of the drug. If the negative effects of marijuana use are dose-dependent, this might also partially explain the differing conclusions of each study.
Researchers from the New York Psychiatric Institute studied the dose-dependent effects of marijuana. They noticed a dose-dependent effect on increased heart rate and decreased marijuana cravings in people who smoked weed.
During this study, the effects on attention, psychomotor function, and recall tasks were not dose-dependent. It is unclear whether or not this is the case when a person takes edible preparations.
Now that most of the United States and many countries around the world have legalized marijuana, researchers have the opportunity to conduct further studies into the potential of weed hangovers.
The effects of marijuana use may linger for hours. If a person smokes or vaporizes the drug, these effects may last between 1 and 3.5 hours.
Ingesting marijuana in the form of edibles causes longer-lasting effects than inhaling it. A person who takes edibles may experience effects for up to 8 hours. These effects may last even longer depending on the amount of marijuana the person used. So, if a person takes an edible at night, they may still feel the drug’s effects the next morning.
Some potential effects of marijuana include:
- dry mouth
- increased sense of happiness
- increased heart rate
- breathing problems
Potential ‘weed hangover’ effects
A study in the journal Pain explored people’s perspectives on using marijuana for pain relief. Some reported weed hangovers that caused a foggy feeling in the morning. Some also felt a lack of alertness the day after using marijuana.
Some other potential effects of a weed hangover include:
- dry mouth
- dry eyes
- mild nausea
However, it is important to remember that some people use marijuana and alcohol at the same time. In these situations, it may be difficult to know which substance is responsible for the effects.
Many people use marijuana, either for medical purposes or recreationally. However, can this lead to a 'weed hangover?' Learn more in this article.