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High quality lname pipe

Tue Oct 30, 2012 1:42 pm

While CmdProcess being discussed in another topic, I have a few questions as well.

1: it is described in the Library reference as STD.System.Util.CmdProcess(), but what is in the system is lib_fileservices.FileServices.CmdProcess() – I assume it must be the same, correct?

2: I tried an example from the reference :
OUTPUT(lib_fileservices.FileServices.CmdProcess(‘echo’,’George Jetson’));
and it just stays in the execution state, not generating any output.

3: Anyway, where the target command suppose to be executed – on each node in parallel or in one place? If this is a single place where is it? And same for PIPE.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Oct 31, 2012 1:42 pm

1. Correct. They are indeed the same, legacy version versus open source version. Depends on what cluster version you are connected to.

2. Yes CMDProcess was reported not working in Version 3.8 but is fixed in the next update.

3. I think it depends on the command that you are executing. If it affects the cluster than it will be across all nodes as expected.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 10:58 am

Is there same problem with the PIPE (action and/or OUTPUT option)?

3. I think it depends on the command that you are executing. If it affects the cluster than it will be across all nodes as expected.

Hmm. It’s hard to believe that ECL will know anything about UNIX command line. I.e. my understanding it should just blindly execute a process and pass arguments to it.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 12:44 pm

PIPE works, at least in 3.8.4 and 3.8.6. I’m using it.

(Clarification: I’m using the PIPE version of OUTPUT; what follows talks about that, rather than the PIPE built-in function.)

Unless you go to great lengths, the command would be executed on all active nodes. Note that that doesn’t mean all nodes, though. For instance, if you manipulated the data in such a way that all the records you’re processing wind up on one node, then only that node’s external command would be executed. In most cases, this is exactly what you want.

Where this becomes a problem is when you want to execute commands based on the overall action instead of individual records (e.g. “disable one external service before processing a group of records, then re-enable it afterwards”). You would have every node disabling and re-enabling the service in that case, so care must be taken.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 2:18 pm

Thanks, now it’s getting even more interesting:

First, I’ve tried input pipe example from the book (BTW, It’s really only example I can try because other using some non-standard commands for the pipe process):

Code: Select all //Form 2 with XML input:
namesRecord := RECORD
STRING10 Firstname;
STRING10 Lastname;
END;
p := PIPE(‘echo George Jetson ‘, namesRecord, XML);
OUTPUT(p);

It did output only one record. We have 50 logical nodes on 5 physical machines, so I assume this way it randomly decided which one of the nodes to use to execute this command.
Not clear, however, how it will work if the command will generate number of records – how they will move across the nodes?

But more interesting things happen after I decided to add output pipe:

Code: Select all namesRecord := RECORD
STRING10 Firstname;
STRING10 Lastname;
END;
p := PIPE(‘echo George Jetson ‘, namesRecord, XML);
OUTPUT(p);
OUTPUT(p,,PIPE(‘tee /tmp/names.all’));

Now simple output printed me 50 exactly the same rows!
So this means that OUTPUT which clearly should happen after input (I’m using the result dataset in it) is affecting the way input PIPE being executed!

Regarding the output PIPE, I’ve got 5 files 1 line each, i.e. 5 records total – files got overwritten since I have 10 logical nodes per one physical.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 3:27 pm

This actually makes sense.

Your initial PIPE command is, in reality, creating the dataset with the echo command. It is executing on every node, so p winds up holding a single record actually located on each of your 50 nodes. The first result you see is actually the result of your first OUTPUT(), where those 50 records are created. Your second OUTPUT, with the PIPE, write the single record contained on that node to /tmp/names.all located on that node.

Edit: My earlier comments about using PIPE were explicitly about the PIPE option to OUTPUT. The PIPE built-in function is an input pipe, for getting data into the system. The PIPE() function runs on all nodes all the time, as far as I can tell.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 3:37 pm

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 3:45 pm

I think you’re right, because the following two pieces of code produce different results on Thor:

Code: Select all namesRecord := RECORD
STRING10 Firstname;
STRING10 Lastname;
END;
p := PIPE(‘echo George Jetson ‘, namesRecord, XML);
OUTPUT(p);

Code: Select all namesRecord := RECORD
STRING10 Firstname;
STRING10 Lastname;
END;
p := PIPE(‘echo George Jetson ‘, namesRecord, XML);
SEQUENTIAL(OUTPUT(p));

The second one, with the SEQUENTIAL, produces a recordset with the number of records equal to the number of nodes. If it’s not a bug then something should be clarified, I think.

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 8:06 pm

Re: CmdProcess and PIPE

Wed Nov 07, 2012 8:06 pm

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High quality lname pipe Tue Oct 30, 2012 1:42 pm While CmdProcess being discussed in another topic, I have a few questions as well. 1: it is described in the Library reference as

High quality lname pipe

I. A musical tube.

1. a. A musical wind-instrument consisting of a single tube of reed, straw, or (now usually) wood, blown by the mouth, such as a flageolet, flute, or oboe. (double pipe, an instrument formed with two such tubes.) Now chiefly arch. or Hist.

b. Each of the tubes (of wood or metal, and of construction similar to that of the simple instrument) by which the sounds are produced in an organ: see organ-pipe .

c. Naut. The boatswain’s whistle; the sounding of this as a call to the crew (cf. pipe v. 1 6). Also pl. as a nickname for a boatswain (Naut. slang.).

d. pl. = bagpipes (cf. bagpipe 1b). Also poet. in sing.

e. In fig. or allusive use: esp. in phr. †to put (pack) up one’s pipes, to cease from action, speaking, etc., desist, ‘shut up’ (obs.).

monger of a circle! 1828 P. Cunningham N.S. Wales (ed. 3) II. 16 None‥had more pipes blown about in his ironic praise. [note, Pipes, a colonial term for pasquinades and squibs, personal and political].

2. transf. a. The voice, esp. as used in singing; the song or note of a bird, etc. Formerly also in pl. †to set up one’s pipes, to cry aloud, shout, yell (obs.); to tune one’s pipes, to begin to cry, i.e. weep (Sc.).

b. ? Sc. phr. to take a pipe, to weep, cry. (Cf. pipe v. 1 5d, 7, piping vbl. n. 1 3.)

II. A cylindrical tube or stick for other purposes.

3. a. A hollow cylinder of wood, metal, or other substance, for the conveyance of water, gas, vapour, etc., or for other purposes; a tube.

b. to lay pipe or pipes, i.e. for the supply of water or gas; fig. in U.S. political slang: see quots. and cf. pipe-laying .

c. U.S. slang. Something that is easy to accomplish; a ‘cinch’. Cf. lead-pipe . Also attrib., as pipe course.

4. Applied to various specific tubular or cylindrical objects or contrivances. †a. Some part of horse-harness; prob. a leather tube through which the traces were passed to prevent chafing against the horse’s sides. Obs. (Cf. piping vbl. n. 2 5.)

b. A tubular handle or staff in which a banner or cross was fitted, to be carried in procession. Obs.

c. A tube or roll on which thread was wound, and on which a definite length was bought. Obs.

d. in pl. A form in which gold and silver were used to trim dresses, etc. Obs.

e. Name for the large round cell in a honeycomb inhabited by the queen bee. dial.

f. An underground passage, a burrow.

g. pl. (slang.) Top-boots.

h. A piece of confectionery, etc. of a tubular or cylindrical form. (Cf. piping vbl. n. 2 8.)

i. ‘One of the curved flutings of a frill or ruff; also, a pin used for piping or fluting’ (Cent. D.).

j. In hair-dressing: see quot. 1860.

k. A tubular part of something, e.g. of a key.

5.a. The account of a sheriff or other minister of the Crown, as sent in and enrolled at the Exchequer: cf. pipe-roll . Obs.
[The origin of this use of pipe is doubtful: some would explain it from the pipe-like form of a thin roll, or ? from its being transmitted in a cylindrical case. Bacon saw in it a metaphor: see quot. 1598 in b., and cf. sense 8; but we have no evidence that that sense was in use early in the 14th c.]

b. The department of the Exchequer that drew up the ‘pipes’, or enrolled accounts, of sheriffs and others, abolished in England by Act 3 & 4 Will. IV, c. 99 §41 (= pipe-office: see 11b).

6. A tubular organ, passage, canal, or vessel in an animal body: applied to the veins and arteries, the alimentary canal, and now esp. to the respiratory passages (windpipe, bronchi, and tubules of the lungs). Almost always in pl. (See also pipe-opener in 11b.)

7. a. Applied to various tubular or cylindrical natural formations, as the stem of a plant, etc.

b. An icicle. Obs.

c. Mining and Geol. (a) A vein of ore of a more or less cylindrical form, usually following the direction of the strata; also called pipe-vein (see 11b), pipe-work . (b) A vertical cylindrical hollow filled with sand or gravel, occurring in a stratum of chalk; also called sand-pipe or sand-gall. (c) The vertical eruptive channel which opens into the crater of a volcano. (d) Each of the vertical cylindrical masses of blue rock (of eruptive origin) in which diamonds are found imbedded in S. Africa (see kimberlite ).

d. Each of the numerous hollow jets of flame which occur in a particular process of the manufacture of black-ash ( ash n. 2 2).

e. Metallurgy. A funnel-shaped cavity at the top of an ingot caused by shrinkage of the metal during cooling.

8.a. The channel of a small stream. Obs. rare.

b. Each of the channels of a decoy for wild fowl: see decoy n. 2 1.

9. A name for the Mock Orange or Syringa (Philadelphus coronarius; also, for the Lilac (Blue Pipe), rendering the med.L. name Syringa. Obs. rare. (See pipe-tree .)

III. A pipe for smoking.

10. a. A narrow tube of clay, wood, or other material, with a bowl at one end, for drawing in the smoke of tobacco (or other narcotic or medicinal substance). Often used as including the contained tobacco, etc., as in to light one’s pipe, to smoke a pipe; also for a quantity which fills the bowl and is smoked at one time, a pipeful. (See also tobacco-pipe .)

b. pipe of peace: the calumet , or peace-pipe of the American Indians. Also used allusively.

c. Queen’s (King’s) Pipe: humorous name for a furnace at the London Docks, used formerly for burning contraband tobacco, subsequently for burning tobacco-sweepings and other refuse.

d. In allusive phrases.
to put one’s pipe out, to put a stop to one’s success, take the ‘shine’ out of, extinguish. put that in your pipe and smoke it, digest or put up with that if you can (also in similar phrases).

hand of you, according to my experience. Put that in your pipe and smoke it, Master Charley. 1884 Florence Marryat Under Lilies & Roses xxx, You’re jealous of the girl, and want me to put her pipe out. 1921 Galsworthy To Let i. ix. 81 The noble owner put this opinion in his pipe and smoked it for a year. 1927 Vanity Fair XXIX. iii. 67/2 ‘Laugh That Off!’ (‘Put that in your pipe and smoke it.’) 1947 W. S. Maugham Creatures of Circumstance 296 I’m engaged to her, so put that in your pipe and smoke it. 1977 A. Hunter Gently Instrumental x. 136 There’s a dozen witnesses, so you can put that in your pipe and smoke it.

e. N. Amer. colloq. A spell of travelling between two rest-periods at each of which a pipe is smoked; the distance covered or the time taken, in such a spell; also, the distance covered while smoking a pipeful of tobacco. Obs. exc. Hist.

f. An opium-pipe; esp. in phr. to hit the pipe, to smoke opium; also, an opium-addict. slang (orig. U.S.).

IV. attrib. and Comb.

11. a. Obvious combinations, as pipe-like adj.; (in sense 1 or 1d) pipe-clang, pipe-music, pipe-playing (playing on a pipe, or with a tobacco-pipe); (in sense 3) pipe-casting, pipe-coating, pipe-fitter, pipe-founding, pipe-jointer, pipe-manufacturing, pipe-track; (in sense 10) pipe-bowl, pipe-champer, pipe-fill, pipe-lighter, pipe-lover, pipe-shank, pipe-smoke, pipe-smoker, pipe-smoking, pipe-spill, pipe-weed, pipe-whiff; pipe-drawn, pipe-puffed adjs.

smoking old man. 1979 Arizona Daily Star 5 Aug. a7/1 A single match and an even draw gave the world’s international pipe-smoking cup to a‥physics teacher yesterday. 1922 Joyce Ulysses 530 Pages will be torn from your handbook of astronomy to make them *pipespills. a1906 Mod. We ascended Table Mountain in 1905 by the *Pipe-track and the Tunnel Gorge. 1955 J. R. R. Tolkien Return of King 270 And if you have any *pipe-weed, we’ll bless you. 1846 Browning Lett. 29 June, Between two huge *pipe-whiffs.

b. Special Combinations: pipe-bag, the leathern bag of the bagpipe; pipe-bearer, an attendant who bears the pipe (of an American Indian chief, and Oriental ruler or official, etc.); pipe-beetle, one of the Curculionidæ, so called from their long proboscis; pipe-bender, a machine or device for bending a metal pipe; pipe berth, a collapsible or otherwise easily-stored canvas bed with a frame of metal piping used on small vessels; pipe bomb, a home-made bomb contained in a metal pipe; pipe-box, (a) ?a box for containing tobacco pipes; (b) the box of the hub of a wheel, in which the arm of the axle is inserted (Knight Dict. Mech. 1875); pipe-burial, a burial in which a pipe (usually of lead) passes from the coffin or the tomb to the surface of the ground, to permit the pouring of libations; pipe-case, a case for a tobacco-pipe or its bowl; pipe chaplet Founding, a chaplet (sense 6) used in the casting of pipes, which consists of a concave semi-cylindrical load-bearing surface supported on a stem; pipe-clamp = pipe-vice; pipe-cleaner, something used for cleaning a tobacco-pipe; spec. a device for this purpose consisting of a piece of wire covered with tufted material; also fig.; †pipe-coal, powdered coal or coal-dust formed into tubular briquettes; pipe-coral, ? = organ-pipe coral (see coral n. 1 1b); pipe cot = pipe berth; pipe-coupling, a coupling for joining two pipes so as to form a continuous channel, or for attaching a pipe to something else; pipe-cutter, a tool or machine for cutting off pipes; pipe-dance, a dance resembling the sword-dance, in which long clay pipes are used instead of swords; pipe-die, (a) a ring-shaped die for moulding earthenware pipes; (b) a female screw or nut, or other device, for cutting a screw-thread on a pipe; pipe-drain v. trans., to drain (land) by laying pipes; chiefly in pa. pple.; pipe-dream orig. U.S., a fantastic or impracticable notion or plan, compared to a dream produced by smoking opium; a ‘castle in the air’; hence pipe-dreamer; pipe-dreaming vbl. n.; pipe-dreamy a.; pipe-driver (see quot.); pipe-ear, a projecting part at the side of the top of a pipe; pipe-fiend U.S. slang, an opium addict or smoker; pipe-foot, the lower part of a flue-pipe in an organ; †pipe gled Sc. Obs., ? the kite ( glede ); pipe grab, a clutching-tool for lifting a well-pipe; pipe-gun, (a) dial., a pop-gun; (b) a gun made out of a pipe; pipe-head, (a) the bowl of a pipe for smoking; (b) the top of a water-pipe; pipe-holder, a perforated board in an organ, through which some of the pipes pass; pipe-insect (see quot.); pipe-joint = pipe-coupling; pipe-key, a key with a pipe or hollow barrel which fits on a pintle in the lock, a piped key; pipe-lee, tobacco half smoked to ashes in a pipe; pipe-light, a strip of paper folded or twisted for lighting a pipe, a spill; pipe-loop (see quot.); pipe-macaroni, macaroni made in the form of pipes or tubes; pipe-major, the chief player of a band of bagpipe-players; pipe-maker, a maker of pipes (in various senses); pipe-metal, an alloy of tin and lead, with or without zinc, used for organ-pipes; †pipe-money, money given to a piper, or for playing a pipe; pipe-necked a., having a long slender neck; pipe-note, a note or sound made by a pipe; a note like that of a pipe, a piping note; pipe-office, the office of the Clerk of the Pipe in the Exchequer (see 5); in quot. 1609 humorously used for the mouth (with allusion to sense 10); pipe-opener (colloq.), a spell of exercise taken to clear the respiratory passages and replenish the lungs with fresh air, a ‘breather’; also fig., a ‘trial run’ or ‘curtain-raiser’; pipe-ore (see quot.); pipe-organ, an organ with pipes (= organ n. 1 2), esp. as distinguished from a reed-organ; pipe oven (see quot.); pipe-privet, a name for the lilac; = pipe-tree (Miller Plant-names 1884); pipe-prover, an apparatus for testing the strength and soundness of steam- or water-pipes by hydraulic pressure; pipe-rack, (a) in an organ, a wooden shelf with perforations by which the pipes are supported; (b) a rack for tobacco-pipes; (c) a rack or support for a set of pipelines above the ground; pipe-reducer, a pipe-coupling larger at one end than at the other to unite pipes differing in diameter; pipe-skill, skill in playing the bagpipe; pipe-stand, a stand or frame for supporting a pipe or pipes (in any sense); pipe-stay (see quot.); pipe-stick, a hollow wooden tube used as the stem of a tobacco-pipe; pipe-still, a still in which crude oil is heated by passing it through a series of tubes inside a furnace; pipe-stop, (a) a plug or stopvalve in a pipe; (b) an organ-stop composed of mouth-pipes (as distinguished from a reed-stop), a flue-stop; pipe-stopper, a small plug for compressing the tobacco in the bowl of a pipe; pipe-story, a fantastic or impossible story (cf. pipe-dream); pipe-tongs, tongs made to grasp a pipe or rod; pipe-twister = pipe-wrench; pipe-vein (Mining): see quots. and 7c (a); pipe-vice (-vise), a vice for grasping a pipe or rod; pipe-vine, a name for the N. American plant Aristolochia Sipho, from the shape of the flowers and the twining growth (also called Dutchman’s pipe); pipe-water, water conveyed by pipes; pipe-wood, name for Leucothoe (Andromeda) acuminata, a shrub of the southern U.S., the wood of which is used for tobacco-pipes; pipe-worm, a Sabella, Serpula, or allied tube-worm; pipe-wrench , a tool with one jaw fixed on a shank and the other movable on a pivot, so shaped as to grip a pipe when turned in one direction round it. See also pipe-clay , pipe-fish , etc.

boxes. 1929 Antiquaries Jrnl. IX. 1 (heading) A Roman *pipe-burial from Caerleon, Monmouthshire. 1934 Laing & Rolfe Man. Foundry Pract. iii. 57 *Pipe-chaplets‥can be obtained, either in the form illustrated, or with short pointed stems, their chief purpose being to support pipe cores in position. 1960 R. Lister Decorative Cast Ironwork ii. 26 Of the types in regular use, special mention may be made of the pipe chaplet‥, usually made of tinned wrought iron, and consisting of a pin with a semicylinder at one end. It is used to support the round core in pipe casting. 1870 G. M. Hopkins Note-bks. & Papers (1937) 132 The heads of flowering grass‥often used as *pipe-cleaners. 1928 E. Waugh Decline & Fall i. ii. 18 A boxing-glove, a bowler hat, yesterday’s Daily News and a packet of pipe-cleaners. 1959 I. & P. Opie Lore & Lang. Schoolch. ix. 169 Thin people inspire almost as many names and jokes as fat people, but the laughter is less mortifying; the names‥are merely descriptive, as: bag o’ bones,‥pipe cleaner, rake, [etc.]. 1960 Farmer & Stockbreeder 16 Feb. (Suppl.) 8/2 You can easily make a fine collection of animals with one or two packets of pipe-cleaners! Look at the sketch, A, to see how the woolly covered cleaners are bent to form the outline of a giraffe. 1973 D. Lees Rape of Quiet Town iii. 42, I tried to help but it wasn’t easy with legs made out of pipe cleaners. 1612 Sturtevant Metallica xiv. 98 Tempering, stamping, and comixing of sea-cole, or stone-cole, that a kinde of substance being there made of them like vnto past or tempered clay, the Presse-mould may forme and transfigure that clay-like substance into hollow *pipe-cole as it doth earthen pipes. 1832 R. & J. Lander Exped. Niger II. viii. 4 Small pieces of *pipe coral were stuck in the lobe of each ear. 1962 W. H. Murray Maelstrom iii. 42 Forward again was the fo’c’scle, with *pipe-cots and deck-hatch. 1977 Western Morning News 1 Sept. 8/6 (Advt.), Six Ton Sloop‥24 ft. oa., pine on oak, two berth and pipe cot. 1851 Mayhew Lond. Labour I. 12/2 Sometimes they do the ‘*pipe-dance’. For this a number of tobacco-pipes‥are laid close together on the floor, and the dancer places the toe of his boot between the different pipes. 1907 E. A. Woodruffe-Peacock Pasture & Meadow Anal. 4 A soil that has been *pipe drained for wheat-growing. 1930 Jrnl. Ministry Agric. Nov. 825 There is nothing to indicate‥whether the land is pipe-drained or not. 1896 Ade Artie iii. 27 But then I was spinnin’ *pipe dreams myself, tellin’ about how much I lose on the board and all that. 1904 B. von Hutten Pam 238 Look at the sea, and tell me if, in your wildest pipe

dream, you ever saw anything lovelier. 1915 Strand Mag. June 651/2 If it is a fizzle off goes my coat and I abandon pipe-dreams of literary triumph. 1937 John o’ London’s 26 Mar. 1/3 As my ideal library will never be anything but a pipe-dream, no great harm is done. 1959 Daily Tel. 4 Apr. 6 In that event, the Channel project would cease to be an engineers’ pipe-dream. 1973 C. Egleton Seven Days to Killing xiv. 150 Streamlining‥was pure Whitehall jargon.‥ It implied increased efficiency at less cost and‥that was just a pipe dream. 1976 Classical Q. XXVI. 80 After 394 a Hellenic crusade against Persia was merely a pipe-dream. 1976 C. Weston Rouse Demon (1977) i. 47 He was always a *pipe-dreamer. Always in the clouds. 1979 Eastern Economist 14 Sept. 545/2 Only pipe-dreamers would have the phantasies that man uses his tools only for what is called constructively productive purposes. 1976 Flintshire Leader 10 Dec. 1 Some of the council’s figures relating to the Leisure Centre are an exercise in *pipe dreaming. 1978 C. A. Berry Gentleman of Road ii. 14, I couldn’t chicken out now. It was time for pipe-dreaming to end. 1910 ‘O. Henry’ Whirligigs i. 12 La Paz is a good sort of a *pipe-dreamy old hole. 1875 Knight Dict. Mech., *Pipe-driver, an implement of the general form of a pile-driver, used for forcing into the ground pipes for what are known as ‘driven wells’. 1905 Athenæum 29 Apr. 534/1 The fronts of pipe-heads and the *pipe ears were often heraldically treated. 1913 G. J. Kneeland Commercialized Prostitution in N.Y. City iv. 90 One of the best known [pimps] is a‥dangerous fellow.‥ A ‘*pipe fiend’ and gambler, his favorite occupation is ‘stuss’. 1938 Amer. Speech XIII. 189 I’m gonna take my gal along, We’ll kick around the gong. She’ll sing that pipe-fiend song. c1450 Holland Howlat 642 The Pitill and the *Pype Gled cryand pewewe. 1875 Knight Dict. Mech., *Pipe-grab, a tool to let down into a well-pipe to enable it to be hoisted to the surface. 1828 Blackw. Mag. Sept. 276 The Shooter‥begins with his pop or *pipe-gun, formed of the last year’s growth of the branch of a plane-tree. 1973 Trinidad Guardian 1 Feb. 11/4 He was found guilty on a four-count indictment accusing him of being in possession of a revolver, Molotov cocktails, a pipe-gun and several rounds of ammunition. 1973 Guardian 27 Mar. 3/1 The Naxalites‥had‥country-forged pipe guns which heated and split after a few rounds. 1855 Longfellow Hiaw. i. 18 From the red stone of the quarry With his hand he broke a fragment, Moulded it into a *pipe-head. 1905 [see pipe-ear]. 1852 Seidel Organ 56 These small pipes go first through the holes of the *pipe-holders. 1805 P. Wakefield Dom. Recreat. vi. (1806) 93 Animalcules‥living in small tubes, or cases of sandy matter, united like pieces of coral; from which‥they are called the *pipe insect. 1540 MS. Acc. St. John’s Hosp., Canterb., Payd for a *pype key ijd. 1860 Sala Baddington Peerage II. xix. 23 Half-smoked *pipe-lees. 1852 Dickens Bleak Ho. xxi, Mr. George‥twists it [the document] up for a *pipe

light. 1875 Knight Dict. Mech., *Pipe-loop (Harness), a long narrow loop for holding the end of a buckled strap. 1787 J. Farley Art Cookery (ed. 4) 157 Take half a pound of small *pipe-maccaroni. 1893 W. Forbes-Mitchell Remin. Gt. Mutiny 48 Sir Colin complimented the *pipe-major on the way he had played. 1896 Crockett Cleg Kelly (ed. 2) 97 Cleg marched along like the pipe-major in the Black Watch. 14‥ Voc. in Wr.-Wülcker 616/22 Tibiarius, a *Pypemaker. c1515 Cocke Lorell’s B. 10 Pype makers, wode mongers, and orgyn makers. 1765 Spry in Phil. Trans. LV. 84 Had I‥rendered the tube flexible‥and turned it on a stick of pipe-maker’s clay. 1901 Scott. N. & Q. May 170/2 He commissioned a well-known Glasgow pipe-maker to furnish him with a set of bag-pipes. 1852 Seidel Organ 75 The pipes‥are composed of wood, pewter, or what is called *pipe-metal. 1621 B. Jonson Gipsies Metamorph. Wks. (Rtldg.) 623/2 Call Cheeks upon the bagpipe, and Tom Tickle-foot with his tabor. Clod, will you gather the *pipe

money? 1919 J. C. Squire Birds 11 *Pipe-necked and stationary and silhouetted, Cormorants stood in a wise, black, equal row. 1592 Warner Alb. Eng. xxxvi, His apish toyes, His Pedlarie, and *pype-notes. 1854 Bushnan in Circ. Sc. (c 1865) I. 293/1 When the male [bird] is alone, its most significant note is the pipe-note witt. 1609 Dekker Gvlls Horne-bk. 18 Till your *pipe offices smoke with your pitifully-stinking girds shot out against me. 1647 Haward Crown Rev. 5 Clerke in the Pipe office. 1738 Birch Life Milton in M.’s Wks. (1738) I. 77 One Mr. Francis Boyton, a Norfolk Gentleman, who had a place in the Pipe-Office. 1877 Coursing Calendar Autumn 1876 238 Dulcimer and Jewess separated on two hares, and both got a good *pipe-opener. 1879 Daily News 7 Apr. 3/1 The crew‥indulge in a short paddle to the point and back by way of a ‘pipe-opener’. 1898 Cycling 89 He should ride for half an hour, in sufficient clothing, simply as a pipe-opener. a1936 Kipling Something of Myself (1937) vii. 187 That tale may have served as a pipe-opener, but one could not see its wood for its trees, so I threw it away. 1962 Times 26 Apr. 13/4 This is the blessed time of year when cricket scores begin to creep‥into the sporting pages of the news

papers.‥ Such trial matches are in the nature of pipe-openers, elaborations of practice at the nets. 1971 D. Francis Bonecrack xv. 189 ‘I could give Archangel his pipe-opener…’ ‘All right, then,’ I said, and he took Archangel out‥and they cantered a brisk four furlongs. 1974 Times 18 Sept. 12/6 British pair thrashed in pipe-opener to Wills Open.‥ The match was a curtain-raiser to the Wills Open Tournament. 1977 Times 9 June 8/2 There was a pipe-opener to the conference‥when Prince Charles‥went to Marlborough House to unveil a painting of his mother. 1881 Raymond Mining Gloss., *Pipe-ore, iron ore (limonite) in vertical pillars, sometimes of conical, sometimes of hour-glass form, imbedded in clay. 1895–6 Cal. Univ. Nebraska 214 The‥course‥in instrumental music, either piano-forte, *pipe-organ or violin. 1884 Knight Dict. Mech. Suppl., *Pipe Oven, a hot blast oven in which the air passes through pipes exposed to the heat of the furnace. In contra-distinction to a fire-brick oven. 1855 E. J. Hopkins Organ 39 The *pipe-racks. The greater number of the pipes stand on the upperboards‥a framework, therefore, is used to keep them in an erect position. 1892 W. B. Scott Autobiog. Notes I. 162 A pipe

rack like those in the artist clubs in Munich. 1948 Petroleum Handbk. (Shell Internat Petroleum Co) (ed 3) The broken-out stand is then lowered to its position on the pipe rack. 1976 W. D. Baasel Prelim. Chem. Engin. Plant Design vi. 148 Nothing should be located under pipe racks, since if leaks occur they may damage equipment. 1978 G. Greene Human Factor VI. i. 301 He looked at the row of pipes in the pipe rack with concentration. a1780 Shirrefs Poems (1790) 213 John o’ *pipe-skill wasna scant. 1884 Knight Dict. Mech. Suppl., *Pipe Stand, a frame to support radiator pipes. 1886 W. J. Tucker E. Europe 270 From his pipe-stand he reached down a long Hungarian pipe and a long Turkish chibouc. 1884 Knight Dict. Mech. Suppl., *Pipe Stay, a device to hold a pipe in place; or to hang a pipe. 1863 Kinglake Crimea (1876) I. xiv. 307 With the stroke of a whip or a *pipe-stick. 1931 G. Egloff in A. Rogers Industr. Chem. (ed. 5) II. 861 Modern practice used the *pipe still consisting essentially of a coil of pipe placed in a furnace through which oil is passed. 1959 Times Rev. Industry Aug. 97/2 The pipestill works on much the same principle as a water tube boiler. 1970 W. G. Roberts Quest for Oil viii. 87 The crude oil must be heated before it gets to the column, and the heater used is known as a ‘pipestill’. 1818 Blackw. Mag. IV. 321 Not so thick as your Highness’ *pipe-stopper. 1831 E. J. Trelawny Adv. Younger Son I. 244 Using his probe with the same sort of indifference as a man does a pipe

High quality lname pipe I. A musical tube. 1. a. A musical wind-instrument consisting of a single tube of reed, straw, or (now usually) wood, blown by the mouth, such as a flageolet,