Vape Pens, Dab Pens and Wax Pens – What’s the Difference?
Updated: October 8th, 2020
Vaping has become one of the most popular ways to consume cannabis over the last few years, but entering the vape scene and understanding its nuances can sometimes seem like a challenge. With the booming market quickly becoming oversaturated with cartridges and waxes, both of quality and not, it’s important for consumers to know exactly what they’re buying and interacting with from an educated perspective.
Demystifying and differentiating between terms like vape pen, wax pen and dab pen provides a solid base to learn more about the products’ differences and similarities . The chart below gives insight into these cannabis pen basics — there’s more from there.
How it Works
What is a vape pen?
A vape pen is a simple battery-powered device used to inhale vapor produced by oil or liquid cartridges. Vape pens typically consist of four major parts: the tank, atomiser, sensors and battery. These parts interact — and heat up — together to produce the vapor that’s inhaled. When in use, vape liquid or oil is sucked into the vape pen’s atomizer, heated into vapor, and inhaled. Users breathe these vapors in through their mouths, ultimately feeling the effects of cannabis or whatever essential oil was vaporized. Pens such as these are often rechargeable and accept a range of different cartridges / pods.
- Extremely easy to use; requires no hand loading.
- Very discreet in both form and function.
- Inexpensive and plentiful in the vaping realm.
- Do not allow for much personalization.
- Only uses cartridges / liquid forms of THC, no wax or dabs.
- Can be cheaply constructed if not made by a reputable brand.
Thanks to their ease of use, vape pens are great for beginners who’re just getting into vaping. Vape pens simply require the placement of a cartridge rather than a wax pen’s complex loading process and also demand much less upkeep. As personal devices, vape pens are also extremely discrete because of their small build and uncomplicated use.
What is a wax pen?
Wax pens are similar to vape pens in form especially, but they do not vaporize liquid or oil. On the contrary, wax pens melt waxier concentrates of cannabis and other alike substances. Like traditional vape pens, wax pens consist of only a few main components: a battery, chamber for heating / melting wax, and a mouthpiece for the vapor to be inhaled through. Because they require more heating power though — to melt the more solidified wax — wax pens are often encased in steel to protect users from its warm internal temperatures.
- Allows for more control in the loading process.
- Utilizes wax concentrates that can also be used on a traditional rig.
- Requires less upkeep / coil cleaning than dab pens.
- Can be messier than basic vape pen options.
- Requires knowledge on how to measure, load and clean pen parts.
- Less discreet than a vape pen that doesn’t require hand loading.
Wax pens are best for those who’re looking to up or improve their vaping experiences with more personalization. Wax pens can sometimes provide more temperature control , or at least the option of hotter vaping. Devices such as these also allow for more control when it comes to the concentrate itself. Users will have to commit to additional care for their device in loading and cleaning it, but they gain more dominance over their vaping.
What is a dab pen?
Similar to wax pens, dab pens utilize a denser substance for vaping — in this case, dabs. Dabs are a more informal name for THC concentrates, commonly used to produce more potent cannabis effects. Dab pens utilize many of the same components as vape and wax pens and work roughly the same. Users place their dab / concentrate onto a coil included in the pen, melting the dab onto a wick. The pen’s wick serves to absorb the now liquid dab and heat it further into vapor that can be inhaled.
Dispensaries and packaging often refer to dab and wax pens interchangeably. However, although they’re very similar, dab pens are the only device that uses dab concentrates specifically. Simply put, dab pens are somewhat of a subset of wax pens.
- Provides users with the most control and room for creative choice.
- Allows for hotter vapes to be taken compared to vape pens.
- Utilizes dabs that can also be used on a traditional rig.
- Can be more expensive than more basic vape pen options.
- Requires the most upkeep and cleaning with regards to all three devices.
- Less discreet than a vape pen that doesn’t require hand loading.
Dab pens are best for those well-versed in vaping and looking for a more intense vape. Pens like this require a commitment to upkeep and a user who has a complete understanding of how to load, clean and replace parts like coils. With more responsibility comes more room to experiment and personalize though, giving dab pen users maybe the most control over their individual vape whether that’s in the form of concentrate or temperature.
Similarities Between Wax Pens, Dab Pens, and Vape Pens
Wax, dab and vape pens share quite a few commonalities. Because dab pens are technically a subset of wax pens and use concentrates, they’re very similar. Although these pens are fairly different from their liquid and oil vape pen counterparts, the three devices still share a lot of similarities.
One of the largest selling features for vape, wax and dab pens is how portable they are. Given their small size, pens can easily be stored in a carrying case and traveled with safely. The devices’ size also makes them incredibly discreet; they can be stashed away in a purse, backpack or even a back pocket for timely, appropriate uses. All three devices’ small size is partially thanks to their similar batteries and storage. Typically, oil and wax consumption uses up a similar amount of battery life.
Beyond just their size, vape, wax and dab pens are also known for their ease of use. While certain specifics can vary from make and model, all of these pens can typically be used with just the press of a button and an inhale. Dab pens and wax pens may have a more complex process, but they still follow the same train of thought. All of these pens may also feature a temperature control feature that allows users more choice in their vaping experience. This temperature management can serve both as a way to personalize each vape use, and as a safety precaution.
Differences Between Wax Pens, Dab Pens, and Vape Pens
While they share their similarities, wax, dab and vape pens also hold several significant differences. Investing in a quality pen can be a bit pricey, so it’s necessary to distinguish between each device to ensure the right one is purchased.
A large difference between vaping instruments is what type of product they use. Wax and dab pens use waxy concentrates and dabs, while pens typically use oils or liquid. This is part of what makes vape pens convenient and easy to use — an oil cartridge can be loaded into the device and even kept there during periods of unuse. Conversely, wax and dab pens are loaded with a user-measured amount of concentrate or wax by hand. Loading wax and dab pens can be dirtier / messier than vape pens for this reason. Wax and concentrate will also build up and need to be scraped and cleaned away regularly. The heating coil may need to be replaced as well during this process of maintenance; vape pens don’t necessarily require this upkeep.
Considering their denser vaping substance, it’s to be expected wax and dab pens might also use a higher temperature than vape pens. Vape pens usually require a heat of just 315 to 385 degrees Fahrenheit, whereas wax and dab pens require temperatures of 350 to 400 for use.
- What is a vape pen battery?
- A vape pen battery is the power source of the pen. Vape pens typically use a rechargeable lithium ion battery; they’re slim, light and powerful. For example, Vessel’s vape pens are powered by a high-quality 240mAh lithium-ion rechargeable battery core. These batteries should also hold a charge for a significant amount of time, although that’s more dependent on frequency of use.
- Can a dab pen get you high?
- Yes, dab pens can definitely cause a high. Dab pens use dabs / concentrates of THC to produce a vapor that’s inhaled by users. If the product that’s being put into a pen device of any kind contains THC, it has the potential to cause a high.
- How much does a dab pen cost?
- Dab pens can range in cost anywhere from as low as $20 to far over $100. The cost of a pen can be largely dependent on its materials and how much control it gives its user. With any vaping device, it’s of the utmost importance to invest in quality pieces and avoid cheap and potentially unsafe products.
- Dab pen vs. vape pen, what’s the difference?
- Dab pens use dabs or waxier THC concentrates while vape pens use liquid forms of THC. The build of these two pens is slightly different as well. Dab pens have a more bulky build that includes a heated coil, while vape pens are usually slimmer and work with an atomizer.
- Wax pen vs. dab pen, what’s the difference?
- Dab pens exclusively are the only vaping device that can utilize dabs. Wax pens utilize wax or concentrates. Although sometimes their names are used interchangeably, dab pens are more of a subgroup of wax pens.
To sum it up:
Buying a vape, wax, or dab pen doesn’t have to be difficult, especially when the proper research has been done to determine which is best for the individual and their scenario. Above all, vaping proves to be an experience based on personalization; simply allow safety and preference to guide the way.
Read our ultimate guide to dab pens, vape pens, and wax pens. Discover the differences, similarities, and requirements to use these different types of vape devices. If you've ever asked yourself, "what is a dab pen?" then this is the guide you need to read.
What are cannabis vapes and how do you use them?
Copy article link to clipboard.
Link copied to clipboard.
- What are vaporizers?
- Tabletop vaporizers
- Portable vaporizers
- Vape pens
Cannabis vaporization is growing in popularity among people interested in consuming cannabis in an easy, discreet manner that’s healthier than traditional smoking methods. Both flower and concentrates can be vaporized using a wide range of devices.
Both flower and concentrates can be vaporized using a wide range of devices. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The leading benefit for vaping weed is that it’s a healthier alternative to smoking flower, as vapor doesn’t release the tar and carcinogens created during combustion (the process of burning flower). Instead, vaporization entails a slightly more complex process that creates a phase transition from liquid to vapor.
Additionally, portable vaporizers allow for easy and discreet use as the cannabis vapor creates a less potent aroma. Learning how to vape weed is generally easier than learning how to smoke it. Portable vaporizers are easy to use and fit in your pocket. Like flower and concentrates, the onset time is rapid.
What are vaporizers?
The process of vaping weed involves heating cannabis flower or concentrates to a temperature that turns the active compounds (cannabinoids and terpenes) into vapor. Vaporization is a healthier alternative to smoking as it occurs at temperatures that do not allow the flower to combust, which releases harmful tar and carcinogens.
Most vaporization devices are engineered to heat cannabis products just below the point of combustion, which ranges between 180 to 190 degrees Celsius (356 to 374 degrees Fahrenheit). Compared to smoking, vaping cannabis increases the amount of cannabis by-products that are activated, potentially bolstering health benefits for medical marijuana patients.
More research into the long term health effects of cannabis vaporization is needed, but there are studies backing up the perceived health benefits of this consumption method. A 2007 study, for example, observed self-reported respiratory symptoms in participants who used cigarettes and cannabis. The researchers found that while vaporization increased the amount of cannabis consumed, it also decreased respiratory symptoms in regular cannabis users who smoke. They concluded that the vaporization temperature was “cool enough to avoid the smoke and toxins associated with combustion.”
There are many methods by which people vaporize cannabis. The three main types are tabletop vaporizers, portable vaporizers, and vape or “hash oil” pens.
Tabletop vaporizers are stationary temperature control units that require a solid surface upon which to sit. Tabletop vaporizers come in many varieties, but all include four main features:
- A temperature dial to regulate the temperature
- A healing element that heats the flower or concentrates
- A heating chamber where you put the flower or concentrates
- A mouthpiece attachment
Some tabletop vaporizers use a bag to collect the vapor, which is detached prior to inhalation, while others use a long tube that is attached to the heating chamber and allows the vapor to move directly from the heating chamber to the person using the vaporizer. Most tabletop vaporizers of this style are used to vaporize cannabis flower. Once you know how to vape weed with one tabletop vaporizer, it’s very likely you’ll be able to use others.
Based on function, e-nail (electric nail) dab rigs could also be considered tabletop vaporizers. This method allows people to vaporize concentrates using an electric nail. However, a reference to the term “vaporizer” generally applies to a device that vaporizes cannabis flowers.
Portable vaporizers are small, discreet vaporizers that operate in much the same way as tabletop vaporizers. Portable vaporizers include a chamber to hold the cannabis flower or concentrate, a heating element and a battery. Most portable vaporizers contain variable temperature control devices that are operated with the click of a button or turn of a small dial. This activates the battery, which heats the element and vaporizes the flower or concentrate contained within the chamber, sending it into the mouthpiece for inhalation.
Portable vaporizers include a chamber to hold the cannabis flower or concentrate, a heating element and a battery. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Portable vaporizers can be used to consume many forms of concentrate including badder, budder, and shatter as well as flower in some cases. Before purchasing a portable vaporizer, consider the ways you intended to consume cannabis and look for one designed to accommodate that product. It’s important to distinguish the difference between portable dry herb vaporizers, wax vaporizers, and hybrids. While dry herb vapes and wax vapes are designed to work with specific types of cannabis products, hybrid vaporizers like the PAX 3 offer consumers the best of both worlds – compatible with both flower and concentrates.
Vape or “hash oil” pens are a type of vaporizer designed specifically to vaporize cannabis distillates and oils. They are called pens because the compact design of the vape device closely resembles that of a traditional pen. A vape pen consists of two pieces: a battery and cartridge.
Vape batteries come in a variety of styles – button or buttonless, cylindrical or rectangular, large or small – there is a shape and style to fit many personal preferences. One of the most popular weed pen batteries is the 510 thread, which is compatible with a large portion of pre-filled vape cartridges on the medical and adult-use concentrate market.
Hash oil” vape cartridges contain a mouthpiece, chamber and heating element, which is activated upon initiated contact with a vape battery. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
“Hash oil” vape cartridges contain a mouthpiece, chamber and heating element, which is activated upon initiated contact with a vape battery. The chamber of a vape cartridge is filled with oil or distillate, which contains concentrated amounts of cannabis cannabinoids and terpenes.
There are a number of considerations to make when shopping for the right vape pen for your consumption needs. For example, the battery capacity and type will dictate factors like the device’s heat up time and overall lifespan.
What is a dab pen?
Unlike a standard vape pen, which is designed for compatibility with vape cartridges filled with oil or distillite, a dab pen is used to consume dabs, which can be defined as an unspecified dosage of concentrate. Most dab pens, also known as wax pens, are essentially made up of the same components as a vape pen: a battery and heating element. With dab pens, the concentrate is placed into the heating chamber rather than loaded into a vape cartridge in liquid form. With this type of pen, users are not limited to cartridges, and can consume many forms of concentrate, including wax, badder, budder, and shatter.
With dab pens, the concentrate is placed into the heating chamber rather than loaded into a vape cartridge in liquid form. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
How much is a vape pen?
The answer depends on the quality of the vape pen device and what comes with it. There are many options available on the medical and adult-use cannabis market. For example, you can find a vape pen starter kit that couples the battery with various tools and a device charger, disposable vape pens that arealy come with pre-filled vape cartridge, and cheaper replacement batteries that are sold separately.
In the case of disposable vape pens that come with a preloaded cartridge of cannabis oil, the price will also be contingent on the location it’s being sold, as the market can vary between different states. You can sort through a massive selection of verified vape pen products from reputable brands on Weedmaps.
What’s in a vape cartridge?
When choosing a vape cartridge, it’s important to know the type of oil contained within, whether and how it’s flavored and what cutting agents, if any, have been used to dilute the solution. This helps you anticipate the type of vaping experience to expect.
Vape cartridges are all filled with cannabis distillate that’s designed for optimal vaporization using a portable battery. During the distillation process, the cannabis oil is stripped of all flavor and aromatic compounds. At this point, it can be left in its raw form (flavorless/tasteless), it can be mixed with terpenes for extra flavor, or with some form of glycol (PG, VG, PEG) to give the vapor extra mouthfeel (thin versus thick, smooth versus chalky, dry versus buttery).
Raw vape cartridges
While all cartridges contain cannabinoids, not all cartridges contain terpenes. Terpenes are organic compounds that give plants their aroma and flavors. “Raw cartridges” are vape cartridges that do not contain any additional cutting agent or terpenes, just the pure cannabis distillate.
Strain-specific and natural terpene cartridges
The reintroduction of terpenes is common in distillate-filled cartridges, as the distillation process removes the natural plant terpenes and results in an odorless, flavorless viscous liquid. Some extractors have mastered a technique that allows them to remove the terpenes from the plant during the distillation process and reintroduce them prior to filling the vape cartridges. These cartridges are known as strain-specific vape cartridges that use cannabis-derived terpenes to retain the same aroma and flavor of the plant that the oil was derived from.
It’s also common for cartridges to be filled with naturally derived terpenes that create exotic flavors that smell and taste like fruits and candies. The reintroduction of terpenes after extraction allows manufacturers to create countless cannabinoid and terpene combinations to suit a variety of needs. These terpenes can also change the viscosity and color of the distillate in the cartridge.
Some THC vape juice contains cutting agents similar to those used in e-cigarettes, added to improve vape cloud production and the mouthfeel of the cartridge. The most common cutting agents include polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG).
Polyethylene glycol has many medical, commercial and industrial applications and is used as a cutting agent in vape liquids to maintain an evenly mixed product that increases overall vapor production.
Propylene glycol is a binding agent that blends with solvents for use in food, hygiene, industrial and lab applications. It’s a common cutting agent in “hash oil” vape pen liquids due to its promotion of even draws.
Vegetable glycerin is used as a preservative in the food, pharmaceutical, bath and body and e-cigarette industries, among others. Vegetable glycerin is used in vape liquids to create large vapor clouds.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has labeled these various cutting agents as safe for human ingestion, but there are still concerns about what happens when these compounds are inhaled. A 2010 study, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, concluded that inhaling PG could potentially exacerbate asthma and allergies. Additional research also suggests that, when vaporized at high temperatures, both PEG and PG breaks down into the carcinogens formaldehyde and acetaldehyde.
More research is required to fully understand the effects of inhaling these cuttings agents, but if you prefer to avoid them, look for raw vape cartridges or other products that don’t utilize these cutting agents.
What are cannabis vapes and how do you use them? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What are vaporizers? Tabletop vaporizers Portable